Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

HIS 495 -- Senior Seminar: History and Memory in the Twentieth-Century World: Primary vs Secondary

History and Memory

Which is it?


Primary vs. Secondary

Below is a brief video, uploaded to Youtube by Imagine Easy Solutions, describing how you can tell Primary from Secondary sources .

Primary vs. Secondary in a NutShell

Primary Sources Secondary Sources
Data & statistics Encyclopedias
Original research findings Magazine articles
Speeches and interviews Books unless written at the time of the event
Diaries Textbooks
Photographs Analysis of research or an event
Autobiographies Biographies
Government documents and public records Review articles
Newspaper articles reporting facts about an event Newspaper articles interpreting an event