The terms scholarly, refereed, and peer reviewed tend to be used interchangeably. These terms refer to:
- An academic journal (which is different from a magazine) which has strict guidelines in place to ensure that the content published is accurate, authoritative, and complete
- The process these journals use to ensure that their content meets these standards requires other experts in the subject matter to judge, or referee, the value of the article submitted for publication. This is what is known as the "peer review process."