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Open Educational Resources (OER)

Textbook Replacement

Open Textbooks & Repositories

What is an Open Textbook?

An open textbook is an openly-licensed textbook offered online by its author(s). The open license sets open textbooks apart from traditional textbooks by allowing users to read online, download, or print the book at no additional cost.

For a textbook to be considered open, it must be licensed in a way that grants a baseline set of rights to users that are less restrictive than its standard copyright.  A license or list of permissions must be clearly stated by the author.

Generally, the minimum baseline rights allow users at least the following:

  • to use the textbook without compensating the author 
  • to copy the textbook, with appropriate credit to the author  
  • to distribute the textbook non-commercially
  • to shift the textbook into another format (such as digital or print)

Many authors also grant rights such as:

  • to add, remove or alter content in the textbook, often on the condition that derivative works must  have the same license                            
  • to copy and distribute the textbook without giving credit to the author to use the textbook commercially

Search Open Textbooks and Repositories

  • Affordable Learning Georgia
    Affordable Learning Georgia is funding and supporting efforts to replace commercial learning materials with no-cost-to-student alternatives.
  • AMSER: Applied Math and Science Education Repository
    Math and Science OER repository specifically for community and technical colleges; funded by the National Science Foundation as part of the National Science Digital Library.
  • Bookoon
    A Denmark-based publishing company that offers free eBooks and textbooks in the Sciences, Management, Accounting, Math, Law, Languages and more.
  • BCcampus OpenEd
    British Columbia Open Ed Project link. 270 textbooks as of 12/17/18 in multiple formats. Also includes adaption guides and supplemental materials for many texts.
  • BCcampus Self-Publishing Guide
    The BCcampus Open Education Self-Publishing Guide is a reference for individuals or groups wanting to write and self-publish an open textbook.​
  • BC Campus Open Case studies
    Faculty and students at University of BC co-created an interdisciplinary, open educational resource with case studies that can be used by anyone. Teaching guide contains practical activities to help create a active learning environment. 
  • Carnegie Mellon University's Open Learning Initiative
    Created by Carnegie Mellon University, this Open CourseWare service offers courses that you can enroll in, "peek at", or adopt for your own use in online teaching. Some require small fees, but most are free.
  • Classic Reader
    All books published on the Classic Reader website are out-of-copyright, meaning their copyright protection has expired. . You will find classic literary works from the start of the 20th century and previous centuries.
  • College Open Textbooks
    Peer reviewed more than 100 open textbooks and identified over 550. Freely available without restriction.
  • Community College Consortium for OER
    News about the OER community. Geared towards community colleges but also has webinars that anyone can attend.
  • Creative Commons
    CC site that assists in understanding, applying, remixing, and using copyrighted materials. Also has a library of resources.
  • FreeTechBooks
    This site lists free online computer science, engineering and programming books, textbooks and lecture notes, all of which are legally and freely available over the Internet.
  • GALILEO - Open Learning Materials
    GALILEO Open Learning Materials brings together open educational resources throughout the University System of Georgia, including open textbooks and ancillary materials. Most works hosted in GALILEO Open Learning Materials have a Creative Commons license, allowing the reuse, redistribution, remix, and revision of these materials.
  • Global Text Project
    A free library of thousands of texts for students in a range of topics covered in a university undergraduate program.
  • InTech
    A multidisciplinary Open Access publisher of books and journals covering the fields of Science, Technology and Medicine.
  • Knowledge Unlatched
    A UK-based project in which libraries share the cost of producing academic texts that are then released with a Creative Commons license.
  • Lumen Learning
    Dedicated to facilitating broad, successful adoption of OER. Content in many areas. Content is made available in HTML format which should be able to be accessed through LMS.
  • Merlot
    MERLOT stands for Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching. This resource has thousands of materials, including lesson plans, activities, tutorials and more. Create a username and login to keep track of your favorites.
  • MIT Open Courseware Online Textbooks
    Index to online textbooks in MIT Open CoursWare. Some are online textbooks and are open-licensed e-versions of print books. Others are self published online books or notes so they serve as an alternative to conventional textbook.
  • Ohio Digital Bookshelf
    A pilot project for the Ohio Textbook HQ, the Ohio Digital Bookshelf aims to provide inexpensive higher-ed textbooks.
  • Open Access Lit Books
    9336 Academic peer-reviewed books and chapters from 233 publisher. This direct link points to the literature options on the site.
  • Open Textbooks for Hong Kong
    The Open Textbooks for Hong Kong project aims to establish a sustainable system which provides quality open textbooks for adoption and adaptation at minimal cost for education for all.
  • OER Commons
    Bringing together many of the resources that you will find in this site, as well as other resources not mentioned here, OER Commons makes it easy to search for OERs of all types, including: Assessments, Audio Lectures, Readings, Textbooks, and more!
  • Open Research Online
    Journal articles, books, theses, and conference papers, and other published research from Open University, a UK based distance learning institution.
  • Openstax
    Founded at Rice University in 1999. non-profit serving millions of users every month. Tens of thousands of learning objects, called pages, are organized into thousands of textbook style books in a variety of disciplines, easily accessible and downloadable to any device. Authors can Remix, Create, Share.
  • Orange Grove
    Florida's Open Educational Resource Repository for higher ed.
  • Project Gugenberg
    53,000 free ebooks.
  • Saylor Academy Open Textbooks
    Saylor Academy is a nonprofit initiative which offers free and open online courses at the college and professional levels.
  • SOL*R
    Shareable Online Learning Resources (SOL*R) is a service provided by BCampus to allow educators free online learning resources from a wide variety of disciplines.
  • SUNY Open Textbooks
    Titles written by faculty and published  by SUNY libraries.
  • Ubiquity Press Open Books
    Ubiquity Press is an open access publisher of peer-reviewed academic journals, books and data.
  • UMass Amherst Libraries
    Extensive OER resource in a variety of disciplines.
  • Wikiversity
    Extensive listing of OER resources for many disciplines